COAL_SLURRY_DISCHARGE_IN: Coal Slurry Discharge Points in Indiana (Indiana Geological Survey, 1:21,000, Point Shapefile)

Metadata also available as - [Parseable text]

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Denver Harper (data creator)
Originator: Chris Dintaman (digital compiler)
Originator: Indiana Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 20070208
Title:
COAL_SLURRY_DISCHARGE_IN: Coal Slurry Discharge Points in Indiana (Indiana Geological Survey, 1:21,000, Point Shapefile)
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Vector digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Bloomington, Indiana
Publisher: Indiana Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details:
Eggert, D.L., Miller, L.V., and Irwin, P.N., 1980, Energy resources of the west tailings pond, Airline-Sponsler Mine, Greene County, Indiana: Symposium on Surface Mining Hydrology, Sedimentology and Reclamation, December 1-5, 1980, University of Kentucky, Lexington, p. 255-260.

This GIS layer was produced in association with other layers showing locations of coal-preparation plants in Indiana (COAL_PREPARATION_PLANTS_IN.SHP), coal-slurry deposits in Indiana (COAL_SLURRY_DEPOSITS_IN.SHP), and locations of samples of coal slurry that were collected and analyzed by the Indiana Geological Survey (COAL_SLURRY_SAMPLES_IGS_IN.SHP).

Online_Linkage: <http://igs.indiana.edu/arcims/statewide/download.html>
Description:
Abstract:
Coal slurry is fine-grained reject from coal-preparation plants. In addition to mineral matter and water, coal-slurry deposits (CSDs) contain significant quantities of fine-grained coal. Significant internal variations in mineralogical, chemical, and textural characteristics exist within the deposits. Knowledge of such variations is important in any attempt to recover slurry from a CSD in an economic and environmentally responsible manner.

Coal slurry is typically removed from coal-preparation plants through pipelines and, at some localities, through ditches. The point at which the slurry emerges from a pipe or ditch and enters a disposal cell is referred to here as the "discharge point." As the slurry is discharged, its fluid velocity is suddenly reduced, resulting in the deposition of large pieces of coal, minerals, rock fragments, and sulfide-mineralized coal that are high in ash and sulfur and possess low calorific value (Eggert and others, 1980, p. 259-260). As the slurry flows across the subaerial portion of the deposit, the remaining coarse tailings are deposited. When the slurry reaches the standing water of a pond, its fluid velocity drops sharply and only clay and ultrafine coal remain in suspension, gradually settling to the bottom.

Based on inspection of historical aerial photographs and other imagery, this layer was developed to document locations where coal slurry was discharged from pipes or ditches in the period preceding the date of available imagery.

About 160 historical aerial photographs taken between 1937 and 1981 were obtained from the archives of the Indiana Geological Survey (IGS) and georeferenced. Other imagery that was used includes Digital Orthophoto Quarter Quads (DOQQs) of the U.S. Geological Survey (1998) and imagery of the National Agricultural Imagery Program (2003) and the Indiana Orthophotography Project (2005).

The identification of discharge points on imagery typically involved the identification of shifting fan deltas that are created at the point where coal slurry is discharged from a pipe or ditch into a disposal cell, together with associated braided or meandering stream channels.

Discharge points were identified on the historical aerial photographs and other imagery, and their locations digitized directly from the imagery using ESRI ArcMap to create this point shapefile. The historical development of some CSDs was complex. Wherever possible, imagery taken on various dates was used to identify and map different stages in the development of a CSD.

Historical aerial photographs are typically black-and-white and may be of poor resolution. Therefore, the recognition of discharge points required subjective interpretations by the investigator.

This GIS layer was produced in association with other layers showing locations of coal-preparation plants in Indiana (COAL_PREPARATION_PLANTS_IN.SHP), coal-slurry deposits in Indiana (COAL_SLURRY_DEPOSITS_IN.SHP), and locations of samples of coal slurry that were collected and analyzed by the Indiana Geological Survey (COAL_SLURRY_ANALYSES_IGS_IN.SHP).

Reference: Eggert, D.L., Miller, L.V., and Irwin, P.N., 1980, Energy resources of the west tailings pond, Airline-Sponsler Mine, Greene County, Indiana: Symposium on Surface Mining Hydrology, Sedimentology and Reclamation, December 1-5, 1980, University of Kentucky, Lexington, p. 255-260.

Purpose:
This GIS layer was created to show discharge points of coal-slurry deposits (CSDs) that have been emplaced in Indiana since the 1930s in association with coal-preparation activities. CSDs contain significant quantities of coal that might be recoverable at some future date. The identification of discharge points facilitates the investigation of mineralogical, textural, and chemical variations within CSDs.
Supplemental_Information:
This GIS layer was produced in association with other layers showing locations of coal-preparation plants in Indiana (COAL_PREPARATION_PLANTS_IN.SHP), coal-slurry deposits in Indiana (COAL_SLURRY_DEPOSITS_IN.SHP), and locations of samples of coal slurry that were collected and analyzed by the Indiana Geological Survey (COAL_SLURRY_SAMPLES_IGS_IN.SHP).
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19370101
Ending_Date: 20050430
Currentness_Reference: Source date
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -87.419622
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -87.062748
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 39.464473
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 38.134568
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: Geography Network Keyword Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: geoscientificInformation
Theme_Keyword: economy
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: Indiana Geological Survey (IGS)
Theme_Keyword: Center for Coal Technology Research (CCTR)
Theme_Keyword: coal preparation
Theme_Keyword: mineral processing
Theme_Keyword: coal
Theme_Keyword: coal tailings
Theme_Keyword: coal slurry
Theme_Keyword: discharge points
Theme_Keyword: tailings
Theme_Keyword: slurry
Theme_Keyword: historical aerial photograph
Theme_Keyword: coal mine
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: IGS Metadata Keyword Thesaurus
Place_Keyword: Indiana
Place_Keyword: Southwestern Indiana
Place_Keyword: Illinois Basin
Place_Keyword: Clay County
Place_Keyword: Daviess County
Place_Keyword: Gibson County
Place_Keyword: Greene County
Place_Keyword: Knox County
Place_Keyword: Pike County
Place_Keyword: Sullivan County
Place_Keyword: Vanderburgh County
Place_Keyword: Vermillion County
Place_Keyword: Vigo County
Place_Keyword: Warrick County
Access_Constraints:
This file is available to anyone, but access may be contingent on written request, specific terms relevant to the agency or person making the request, and/or current freedom of information statutes in the state of Indiana.
Use_Constraints:
DATA DISCLAIMER:

This data set was compiled by Indiana University, Indiana Geological Survey, using data believed to be accurate; however, a degree of error is inherent in all data. This product is distributed "AS-IS" without warranties of any kind, either expressed or implied, including but not limited to warranties of suitability to a particular purpose or use. No attempt has been made in either the design or production of these data to define the limits or jurisdiction of any federal, state, or local government. These data are intended for use only at the published scale or smaller and are for reference purposes only. They are not to be construed as a legal document or survey instrument. A detailed on-the- ground survey and historical analysis of a single site may differ from these data.

CREDIT:

It is requested that the Indiana Geological Survey be cited in any products generated from this data. The following source citation should be included: [COAL_SLURRY_DISCHARGE_IN: Coal Slurry Discharge Points in Indiana (Indiana Geological Survey, 1:21,000, Point Shapefile)].

WARRANTY:

Indiana University, Indiana Geological Survey warrants that the media on which this product is stored will be free from defect in materials and workmanship for ninety (90) days from the date of acquisition. If such a defect is found, return the media to Publication Sales, Indiana Geological Survey, 611 North Walnut Grove, Bloomington, Indiana 47405 2208, and it will be replaced free of charge.

LIMITATION OF WARRANTIES AND LIABILITY:

Except for the expressed warranty above, the product is provided "AS IS", without any other warranties or conditions, expressed or implied, including, but not limited to, warranties for product quality, or suitability to a particular purpose or use. The risk or liability resulting from the use of this product is assumed by the user. Indiana University, Indiana Geological Survey shares no liability with product users indirect, incidental, special, or consequential damages whatsoever, including, but not limited to, loss of revenue or profit, lost or damaged data or other commercial or economic loss. Indiana University, Indiana Geological Survey is not responsible for claims by a third party. The maximum aggregate liability to the original purchaser shall not exceed the amount paid by you for the product.

Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Indiana Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and physical address
Address: 611 North Walnut Grove
City: Bloomington
State_or_Province: Indiana
Postal_Code: 47405
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 812 855 1369
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: dharper@indiana.edu
Hours_of_Service: 0800 to 1700 Eastern Standard Time
Contact_Instructions: Monday through Friday, except holidays
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
ESRI ArcGIS shapefile format, Microsoft Windows 2000, approximately 420 Kb


Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Historical aerial photographs are typically black-and-white and may be of poor resolution, and coal-slurry deposits (CSDs) are sometimes difficult to differentiate from gob deposits or other disturbed or barren areas associated with active mining; therefore, the recognition of CSDs and associated discharge points requires subjective interpretations by the investigator.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
No checks for topological consistency were performed on this data set.
Completeness_Report:
This GIS layer shows discharge points for some (but not all) coal-slurry deposits (CSDs). Also, at any given site, discharge points were moved through time, so that the points shown in this GIS layer include only discharge points that can be recognized from available imagery; at most sites, the locations of discharge points during intervening periods are not included.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Discharge points associated with coal-slurry deposits (CSDs) were digitized directly from georeferenced historical aerial photographs and from Digital Orthophoto Quarter Quads (DOQQs) of the U.S. Geological Survey, imagery of the 2003 National Agricultural Imagery Program (NAIP), and imagery of the 2005 Indiana Statewide Orthophotography Project. The historical aerial photographs were georeferenced using the 2003 NAIP imagery and 2005 Orthophotography.
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Vertical accuracy was not a factor in the digital production of the data set.

Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Indiana Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 20070129
Title: Archive of historical aerial photographs
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Raster digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Bloomington, Indiana
Publisher: Indiana Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details: Various georeferenced historical aerial photographs
Online_Linkage: None
Type_of_Source_Media: Raster digital data
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1937
Ending_Date: 1981
Source_Currentness_Reference: Source date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Various georeferenced historical aerial photographs
Source_Contribution: Locations of coal-preparation plants

Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 1999
Title: Digital Orthophoto Quarter Quads (DOQQs)
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Raster digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, Virginia
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details: None
Online_Linkage: None
Type_of_Source_Media: Raster digital data
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1998
Ending_Date: 1999
Source_Currentness_Reference: Source date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: 1998-99 DOQQ Imagery
Source_Contribution: Locations of coal-preparation plants

Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS)
Publication_Date: 2003
Title: 2003 National Agricultural Imagery Program (NAIP) Imagery
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Raster digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington, District of Columbia
Publisher: U.S. Department of Agriculture, NASS
Other_Citation_Details: None
Online_Linkage: None
Type_of_Source_Media: Raster digital data
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20030101
Ending_Date: 20031231
Source_Currentness_Reference: Source date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: 2003 NAIP Imagery
Source_Contribution: Locations of coal-preparation plants

Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Indiana Geographic Information Council (IGIC)
Publication_Date: 2005
Title: 2005 Indiana Statewide Orthophotography Program
Edition: 1.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Raster digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Indianapolis, Indiana
Publisher: IGIC
Other_Citation_Details: None
Online_Linkage: None
Type_of_Source_Media: Raster digital data
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20050228
Ending_Date: 20050601
Source_Currentness_Reference: Source date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: 2005 Indiana Orthophotography
Source_Contribution: Locations of coal-preparation plants

Process_Step:
Process_Description:
About 160 historical aerial photographs taken between 1937 and 1981 were obtained from the archives of the Indiana Geological Survey (IGS) and georeferenced. Other imagery that was utilized included Digital Orthophoto Quarter Quads (DOQQs) of the U.S. Geological Survey (1998) and imagery of the National Agricultural Imagery Program (2003) and the Indiana Orthophotography Project (2005).

Discharge points associated with coal-slurry deposits (CSDs) were identified on the historical aerial photographs and other imagery, and their locations were digitized directly from the imagery using ESRI ArcMap to create a point shapefile.

Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation:
Historical aerial photos, 1998 DOQQs, 2003 NAIP, 2005 Indiana Orthophotography
Process_Date: 20070120
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: COAL_SLURRY_DISCHARGE_IN.SHP
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Indiana Geological Survey
Contact_Person: Denver Harper
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and physical address
Address: 611 North Walnut Grove
City: Bloomington
State_or_Province: Indiana
Postal_Code: 47405 2208
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 812 855 1369
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 812 855 2862
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: dharper@indiana.edu
Hours_of_Service: 0800 to 1700 Eastern Standard Time
Contact_Instructions: Monday through Friday, except holidays

Process_Step:
Process_Description:
This metadata file was pre-parsed and parsed using CNS (Chew and Spit, v. 2.6.1) and MP (Metadata Parser, v. 2.7.1) software written by Peter N. Schweitzer (U.S. Geological Survey). The errors generated by MP were all addressed and corrected, except that no values were assigned to "Abscissa_Resolution" and "Ordinate_Resolution."
Process_Date: 20070201
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Indiana Geological Survey
Contact_Person: Chris Dintaman
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and physical address
Address: 611 North Walnut Grove
City: Bloomington
State_or_Province: Indiana
Postal_Code: 47405 2208
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 812 856 5654
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 812 855 2862
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: cdintama@indiana.edu
Hours_of_Service: 0800 to 1700 Eastern Standard Time
Contact_Instructions: Monday through Friday, except holidays


Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Indirect_Spatial_Reference: Indiana
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Vector
Point_and_Vector_Object_Information:
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: G-polygon
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count: 74


Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
UTM_Zone_Number: 16
Transverse_Mercator:
Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.999600
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -87.000000
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.000000
False_Easting: 500000.000000
False_Northing: 0.000000
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: Coordinate pair
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution:
Ordinate_Resolution:
Planar_Distance_Units: Meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: GRS 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.0000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.26


Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: COAL_SLURRY_DISCHARGE_IN.DBF
Entity_Type_Definition: Shapefile Attribute Table
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: None
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: FID
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Shape
Attribute_Definition: Feature geometry
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Coordinates defining the features
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: ID_IGS
Attribute_Definition: Key site-identification number
Attribute_Definition_Source: Indiana Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Character field
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: ID_IGS_PLY
Attribute_Definition: Key feature-identification number for individual polygons
Attribute_Definition_Source: Indiana Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Character field
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: PHOTO
Attribute_Definition:
For older coal-slurry deposits (CSDs), this field provides the identification number of the historical aerial photograph that was used to map the discharge point of the CSD. For more recent plants, the following abbreviations indicate the imagery that was used to map the discharge point: "DOQQ1998" (1998-99 Digital Orthophoto Quarter Quads of the U.S. Geological Survey), "NAIP2003" (2003 color aerial photographs of the National Agricultural Imagery Program), and "Ortho2005" (2005 color aerial photographs of the Indiana Statewide Orthophotography Project).
Attribute_Definition_Source: Indiana Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Character field
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: YEAR
Attribute_Definition:
The date when the historical aerial photograph or other imagery was taken
Attribute_Definition_Source: Indiana Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Character field


Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Indiana Geological Survey
Contact_Person: Publication Sales
Contact_Position: Clerk
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and physical address
Address: 611 North Walnut Grove
City: Bloomington
State_or_Province: Indiana
Postal_Code: 47405 2208
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 812 855 7636
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 812 855 2862
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: IGSinfo@indiana.edu
Hours_of_Service: 0800 to 1700 Eastern Standard Time
Contact_Instructions: Monday through Friday, except holidays

Resource_Description: Downloadable data

Distribution_Liability:
CREDIT:

It is requested that the Indiana Geological Survey be cited in any products generated from this data. The following source citation should be included: [COAL_SLURRY_DISCHARGE_IN: Coal Slurry Discharge Points in Indiana (Indiana Geological Survey, 1:21,000, Point Shapefile)].

WARRANTY:

Indiana University, Indiana Geological Survey warrants that the media on which this product is stored will be free from defect in materials and workmanship for ninety (90) days from the date of acquisition. If such a defect is found, return the media to Publication Sales, Indiana Geological Survey, 611 North Walnut Grove, Bloomington, Indiana 47405 2208, and it will be replaced free of charge.

LIMITATION OF WARRANTIES AND LIABILITY:

Except for the expressed warranty above, the product is provided "AS IS", without any other warranties or conditions, expressed or implied, including, but not limited to, warranties for product quality, or suitability to a particular purpose or use. The risk or liability resulting from the use of this product is assumed by the user. Indiana University, Indiana Geological Survey shares no liability with product users indirect, incidental, special, or consequential damages whatsoever, including, but not limited to, loss of revenue or profit, lost or damaged data or other commercial or economic loss. Indiana University, Indiana Geological Survey is not responsible for claims by a third party. The maximum aggregate liability to the original purchaser shall not exceed the amount paid by you for the product.


Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20070208
Metadata_Review_Date: 20070319
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Indiana Geological Survey
Contact_Person: Denver Harper
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and physical address
Address: 611 North Walnut Grove
City: Bloomington
State_or_Province: Indiana
Postal_Code: 47405 2208
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 812 855 1369
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 812 855 1369
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: dharper@indiana.edu
Hours_of_Service: 0800 to 1700 Eastern Standard Time
Contact_Instructions: Monday through Friday, except holidays
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC CSDGM
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Access_Constraints: None
Metadata_Use_Constraints:
This metadata file is intended to accompany the data set identified and received from the IGS. It is not to be altered or summarized. IGS does not support secondary distribution. If this data set was received from anyone besides the IGS, this metadata file and the data set it describes may lack integrity.

Generated by mp version 2.7.1 on Mon Mar 19 15:39:52 2007