Geological Research at the IGS
  

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Abandoned Mine Lands Program

Title: Mine Map Acquisition and Digital Archiving Project
Status: completed
Objective:
To continue the preservation of Indiana’s historic coal mine map information through the collection, processing, scanning, georeferencing, digital archiving, and electronic distribution of Indiana’s historic coal mine maps through the IGS CMIS project and Web site.

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Title: Indiana Contribution to the National Geothermal Data System
Status: completed
Objective:
State-specific geothermal data will be compiled into an integrated, distributed, and searchable national data system, referred to as the "National Geothermal Data System."

Battelle Memorial Institute

Title: Simulation of CO2 Storage in the Arches Province of the Midwestern United States
Status: completed
Objective:
This study will produce a three dimensional model of the subsurface geology in the Arches region, followed by numerical simulations on the injection of supercritical carbon dioxide into the Upper Cambrian Mount Simon Sandstone.

Huron Mountain Wildlife Foundation

Title: Middle-Holocene (ca. 6500 to 3500 years ago) lake-level change of ancestral Lake Superior, Huron Mountains, Upper Michigan
Status: completed
Objective:
The primary objective is to determine the age and elevation of foreshore sediments associated with beach ridges in a strandplain located in the Huron Mountains, Upper Michigan. These data will be used to generate a relative paleohydrograph for the site covering 3000 years, from roughly 6500 to 3500 years ago.

Indiana Center for Coal Technology Research (CCTR)

Title: Distribution and characterization of coal-slurry deposits in Indiana
Status: completed
Objective:
The purpose of the work was to provide preliminary estimates of the total area and volume of coal-slurry deposits (fine-grained refuse from coal-preparation plants) and to provide recommendations for future sampling and analysis.

Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM)

Title: A three-dimensional aquifer visualization and groundwater flow model in the upper reaches of Lake Michigan drainage basin, NW Indiana, and GIS for the Lake Michigan drainage basin in Indiana
Status: completed
Objective:
The purpose of this project was to organize existing information on northwestern Indiana hydrogeology into formats that will allow land-use and water-resource managers and governmental regulators easy access to such information and the ability to visualize the data.
Title: Analysis of nitrate in groundwater in Jackson County, Indiana
Status: completed
Objective:
The purpose of the study was to identify the source or sources of the nitrate.
Title: A three-dimensional, shallow groundwater flow model for the Grand Calumet River/Indiana Harbor Canal Watershed, northwest Indiana
Status: completed
Objective:
In this project, we organized existing information on hydrogeology into formats that will allow land-use and water-resource managers and governmental regulators to easily access and visualize such information.
Title: Conversion of historical data to GIS format for Grand Calumet feasibility study
Status: completed
Objective:
The objective of the work was to convert the hard-copy information to a digital geographic information system (GIS) format.
Title: Monitoring and forecasting outfalls of E. coli-contaminated streamflow at Burns Ditch, south shore of Lake Michigan, Indiana
Status: completed
Objective:
This project characterized temporal variations in bacterial outfalls at the mouths of creeks (such as Burns Ditch) that flow into Lake Michigan.
Title: Source-water assessment
Status: completed
Objective:
The objective of this project was to develop fact sheets for 650 individual, noncommunity, nontransient, public ground-water supplies throughout Indiana, as part of the Source Water Assessment Plan (SWAP).
Title: Watershed modeling tools and linkages to the Lake Rim geographic information system (GIS)
Status: completed
Objective:
This project focuses on surface-water hydrology of the Trail Creek and Little Calumet Watersheds. We will provide the physical basis for studying surface-water flow and contaminant transport in the pollution of ground and surface waters of the Lake Rim area of northwestern Indiana.
Title: Evaluation of riparian buffer zones using a geographic information system (GIS) and remote sensing
Status: completed
Objective:
The objective of this study was to assess the condition of riparian buffers in the Young's Creek Watershed.
Title: Evaluation of contaminant storage and movement at a confined feeding operation
Status: completed
Objective:
Data from similar studies indicate that nitrate concentrations are often high; we believe this occurs because rainfall early and late in the growing season flush commercial fertilizers and animal waste before they can be used to promote plant growth. Through our monitoring program, we tracked effects that manure-application practices had on groundwater quality in the area. This assisted personnel of the IDEM Office of Land Quality to identify problem situations that may require modification of current rules and management practices.
Title: Agricultural BMP application to remediate nitrate contamination in a major outwash aquifer in Jackson County, Indiana
Status: completed
Objective:
Title: Environmental feasibility of using recycled tire pieces as media in septic system absorption fields
Status: completed
Objective:
The Indiana Geological Survey demonstrated the feasibility of using recycled tires as a medium for on-site septic distribution fields.
Title: Data compilation and analysis for the Coastal Nonpoint Source Management Plan
Status: completed
Objective:
This study documented the surface-water quality monitoring efforts that have occurred in the subwatersheds of the Coastal Nonpoint Pollution Control Plan Area. The data were analyzed to assess water-quality trends occurring in the program area. Results from this analysis were used to develop a monitoring plan for Indianas Coastal Nonpoint Source Management Plan.
Title: Indiana Reach Index update
Status: completed
Objective:
Conduct a pilot study to establish a methodology to update selected watersheds with high-resolution (1:24,000) stream segments from the National Hydrography Dataset (NHD).
Title: Relating groundwater recharge to near-surface aquifer sensitivity in Indiana
Status: completed
Objective:
Develop a conceptual model of the physical factors and processes that control groundwater recharge in Indiana, and devise an objective measure of recharge over the landscape. Develop a statewide assessment of aquifer sensitivity to near-surface contamination based on the relationship of recharge to migration of contaminants through the unsaturated zone.

Indiana Department of Natural Resources (DNR)

Division of Reclamation (DOR)
Title: Evaluation of bench-scale acid mine drainage (AMD) bioremediation tests: Water-quality monitoring and data interpretation
Status: completed
Objective:
This research is designed to treat these seeps so that the concentration of acidity, sulfate, and toxic metals is much reduced or eliminated.
Division of Reclamation (DOR)
Title: Augusta Lake project
Status: completed
Objective:
The purpose of this project is to abate acid mine drainage that forms at the site and improve the quality of water in Augusta Lake which flows into the Patoka River.
Division of Reclamation (DOR)
Title: Evaluation of methods for controlling metals deposition in acid seeps and acid mine drainage treatment wetlands
Status: completed
Objective:
Since all metals precipitation systems need to have metal sludge excavated from them from time to time, it would be best for this metal sludge to be in a form that holds some commercial value. The objective of this study is to demonstrate methods for recovering valuable metals from acidic mine drainage by generating byproducts that have commercial value as raw materials for industry.
Division of Reclamation (DOR)
Title: Monitoring hydrologic conditions in the vicinity of an acid seep at the Chinook abandoned mine lands site in Clay County, Indiana
Status: completed
Objective:
We undertook a monitoring study to more fully characterize the hydrology of a large abandoned coal-waste deposit at the Chinook abandoned mine lands reclamation site. The ultimate goal of the project was to monitor the response of the water table in the coal-waste deposit to precipitation events.
Division of Reclamation (DOR)
Title: Monitoring and modeling a large-scale experiment to change the direction of groundwater flow at the Blackfoot reclamation site in Pike County, Indiana
Status: completed
Objective:
In an effort to ameliorate the problem, personnel of the Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Division of Reclamation (IDNR-DOR) are planning a large-scale experiment to change the direction of groundwater flow away from the seepage area and toward an area where it will encounter alkaline spoils prior to discharging at the surface. The study combines detailed hydrologic monitoring with groundwater flow modeling to evaluate, optimize, and diagnose all the reasons why the reclamation strategy does or does not succeed. The project will commence prior to any reclamation activities but will continue through and after the period of hydrologic manipulation so that a thorough evaluation can be accomplished.
Division of Reclamation (DOR)
Title: Hydrochemical evaluation and predictive modeling of sulfate-reducing bioreactor cells
Status: completed
Objective:
The goal of the research project is to evaluate and model the performance and longevity of SRBCs for the passive remediation of AMD.
Division of Reclamation (DOR)
Title: Rates and Controls on Toxic Metal Leaching from Coal-Combustion Residues Utilized as Structural Fills in Reclamation Settings: Emphasis on the Midwestern AML Site
Status: completed
Objective:
The project, which combines field, laboratory, and modeling components, will determine the conditions under which trace elements are leached from CCRs in field settings as well as rates of leaching when CCRs are in contact with various ambient water chemistries.
Division of Reclamation (DOR)
Title: Monitoring and Modeling a Large-Scale Experiment to Change the Direction of Groundwater Flow at the Blackfoot Reclamation Site in Pike County: Part 2 Assessing the Efficacy of Reclamation that Includes the Construction of a Large Wetland/Bioreactor System
Status: completed
Objective:
The project will involve a continuation of hydrochemical monitoring with much emphasis placed on the evaluation of the performance of a large wetland/bioreactor system that is being designed to treat acid mine drainage that is discharging from a valley located within this abandoned mine land site.
Lake Michigan Coastal Program
Title: Update of the Lake Michigan Rim Web site and data layers for the Grand Calumet feasibility study
Status: completed
Objective:
Work with partners from local, state, and federal government to acquire updated GIS data and redesign the Lake Rim Web site.

Indiana Department of Transportation (INDOT)

Title: Indiana bat cave inventory
Status: completed
Objective:
As part of Tier 2 environmental studies being conducted in association with the proposed Interstate-69 transportation corridor through southwestern Indiana, it is necessary to determine if any caves within 5 miles of the proposed corridor are winter hibernacula for this species of bat.
Title: Extension of the GIS Atlas of Indiana project
Status: completed
Objective:
Create a central repository of spatial data for Indiana and to make the data freely available to the public in a format that is readily accessible.

Indiana Geological Survey

Title: Characterization and treatment of pad marks on Indiana Limestone
Status: completed
Objective:
Research is designed to identify the causes and composition of pad marks that develop on Indiana limestone so that they can be effectively removed and prevented.
Title: Formation and remediation of pad marks on Indiana Limestone
Status: completed
Objective:
In this study, we tested a variety of padding materials to determine which produced the least discoloration on weathering.
Title: Petroleum Database Management System
Status: completed
Objective:
Facilitate access to information related to oil and gas wells in Indiana and to provide this information in ways that will allow it to be accessed efficiently by users.
Title: Architecture of the Salem Limestone (Mississippian) in the dimension stone district of south-central Indiana
Status: completed
Objective:
The purpose of the project is to determine the architecture of a Salem carbonate shoal and the potential fluid-flow pathways.
Title: Geochemistry Database
Status: completed
Objective:
The objective of this project is to develop an easily accessible database for the Indiana Geological Survey's large and growing inventory of geochemical data.
Title: Investigation of groundwater in abandoned underground coal mines
Status: completed
Objective:
Increase public awareness and interest in the potential use of underground mine waters as a geothermal resource, a groundwater resource, and a mine-reclamation resource.

Indiana State Department of Health (ISDH)

Title: Hydrologic suitability of mine spoil as a medium for septic-tank absorption fields
Status: completed
Objective:
The goal of this project was to provide the Indiana State Department of Health with tools to expeditiously process applications for septic-field permits on reclaimed coal mine lands.
Title: Field evaluation of on-site sewage disposal systems (OSDS) and broad-scale mapping of suitable and unsuitable areas for OSDS, Morgan County, Indiana
Status: completed
Objective:
The objective of this project was to collect data concerning the subsurface groundwater characteristics that exist in and adjacent to on-site sewage disposal systems throughout the entire year.
Title: Environmental feasibility of using recycled tire pieces as media in septic system absorption fields
Status: completed
Objective:
The Indiana Geological Survey demonstrated the feasibility of using recycled tires as a medium for on-site septic distribution fields.

National Institutes of Health

Title: Geologic support of abandoned and active coal mines in Indiana for ventilation design
Status: completed
Objective:
This study was conducted to evaluate ventilation systems in underground coal mines and to identify ways in which improvement of ventilation systems in relation to different methane sources can increase mine safety. Coal mine methane has always been considered as a danger for underground coal mining. It can create a serious threat to mining safety and production. Proper mine ventilation can keep methane levels below the explosive limit and at the same time coal seam degasification is a means to recover energy from the methane gas retained in coal.

Office of Surface Mining

Title: Mine Map Acquisition and Digital Archiving Project
Status: completed
Objective:
To continue the preservation of Indiana’s historic coal mine map information through the collection, processing, scanning, georeferencing, digital archiving, and electronic distribution of Indiana’s historic coal mine maps through the IGS CMIS project and Web site.

Office of the Indiana State Chemist

Title: Development of a statistically valid program for monitoring pesticides in groundwater in the State of Indiana
Status: completed
Objective:
A monitoring network was developed that was statistically adequate for characterizing average levels of pesticides and other agricultural byproducts in supplies of groundwater.

Save the Dunes Conservation Fund

Title: Hydrologic modeling to evaluate E. coli loading in the Dunes Creek Watershed, Porter County, Indiana
Status: completed
Objective:
The primary issues in the Dunes Creek Watershed are sources of E. coli. We conducted surface-water numerical modeling to:
1) Represent the hydrology, sediment, and bacterial characteristics in the drainage network; and
2) Simulate how land-use and land-management changes (for example, adding riparian buffers, filling or plugging ditches) might achieve reduction of  E. coli in Dunes Creek.

Tight Oil Consortium, University of Calgary

Title: Characterization of organic matter in the Second White Specks Formation
Status: completed
Objective:
This study presents approaches for evaluating hybrid source rock/reservoirs within tight-rock petroleum systems. The emerging shale play in the Upper Cretaceous Second White Specks and Belle Fourche formations in central Alberta, Canada is used as an example to evaluate organic and inorganic compositions and their relationships to pore characteristics

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Title: Update of the Lake Michigan Rim Web site and data layers for the Grand Calumet feasibility study
Status: completed
Objective:
Work with partners from local, state, and federal government to acquire updated GIS data and redesign the Lake Rim Web site.

U.S. Department of Energy

National Energy Technology Laboratory
Title: National Carbon Sequestration Database and Geographic Information System (NATCARB)
Status: completed
Objective:
The purpose of NATCARB is to facilitate the evaluation of geological sequestration of CO2 in the United Sates and Canada by compiling all pertinent geological information useful for such evaluations into a database. When completed, the database will allow users to estimate the amount of CO2 emitted by various sources (such as power plants, refineries, and other fossil fuel consuming industries) and relate these volumes to geologic reservoirs that can provide safe and secure sequestration over time.
National Energy Technology Laboratory
Title: Assessment of Hydrologic Consequences of CO2 Sequestration within the Illinois Basin
Status: completed
Objective:
This project is one component of a larger risk assessment for implementing industrial-scale CO2 subsurface storage throughout the Illinois Basin. The objective is to develop new data sets that are most critical for informing the basin-scale simulation and modeling effort. The IGS will provide region-specific data that a coordinated team of researchers from around the country will integrate into a basin-scale simulation of the effects of large-scale implementation of geological sequestration within numerous rock units in the deep subsurface.
National Energy Technology Laboratory
Title: Evaluation of the Carbon Sequestration Potential of the Cambro-Ordovician Strata of the Illinois and Michigan Basins
Status: completed
Objective:
This study is a collaborative effort by a team of scientists from the University of Illinois, the Illinois State Geological Survey, the Kentucky Geological Survey, Western Michigan University and the IGS. The objective of the IGS project is to support the assessment of the Cambro-Ordovician strata as a potential GCS reservoir/seal system through the development of new data sets of critical formation characteristics including: porosity, permeability, injectivity, mineralogy, fluid saturations and chemical composition, reservoir architecture and cap rock integrity.
USDE - No Specific Program
Title: The Indiana Shallow Geothermal Monitoring Network: A test bed for facilitating the optimization of ground-source heat pumps in the glaciated Midwest
Status: completed
Objective:
A comprehensive monitoring network that provides in-situ measurements of shallow subsurface thermal conductivity, temperature gradients, and soil moisture has not been developed to date.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

Title: Lake Michigan tributary monitoring
Status: completed
Objective:
The purpose of this project is to characterize temporal variations in bacterial outfalls at the mouths of creeks (such as Derby Ditch) that flow into Lake Michigan.
Title: Restoration of West Dunes Creek-Great Marsh complex
Status: completed
Objective:
The design of the project was intended to further scientific research and insight into potential reduction of E. coli levels in receiving waters following increased solar exposure, sedimentation, filtration, increased retention, and biological treatment provided by wetlands.
Title: Developing a prototypical predictive model for beach closings in Indiana
Status: completed
Objective:
Evaluate E. coli concentrations in stream flow discharging from Dunes Creek into the main swimming beaches at Indiana Dunes State Park and develop predictive models that relate the outfalls of creek water, as well as other hydrometeorological factors, to the concentrations of E. coli bacteria in the swimming zones of the beaches.

U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC)

Title: IndianaMap data sharing initiative and Demonstration of four key Framework data layers
Status: completed
Objective:
Proof of consept project

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Title: Late Holocene lake level of Lake Michigan
Status: completed
Objective:
The purpose of this project is to determine the physical limits and timing of past lake-level fluctuations during the last 5,000 years.

U.S. Forest Service (USFS)

Title: Potential karst development areas in the Hoosier National Forest
Status: completed
Objective:
Identify both existing areas of karst development in the Hoosier National Forest, along with identification of the spatial distribution of areas with high probabilities of karst or sinkhole development.
Title: Sulfate-reducing bioreactor net discharge monitoring
Status: completed
Objective:
From monitoring flow rates along with chemical and stable isotopic components, the research conducted at this site will provide data for evaluating the effectiveness of the bioreactor in reducing acid-mine drainage, evaluating the microbial activity, and constructing a predictive model capable of providing sizing and longevity information to organizations desiring to build additional bioreactors for future low-flow AMD seep amelioration projects.

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

- USGS - No Specific Program
Title: Late Holocene lake level of Lake Michigan
Status: completed
Objective:
The purpose of this project is to determine the physical limits and timing of past lake-level fluctuations during the last 5,000 years.
Global Climate Change Program
Title: Late Holocene lake level of Lake Superior
Status: completed
Objective:
The purpose of this project is to determine the physical limits and timing of past lake-level fluctuations during the last 5,000 years.
Global Climate Change Program
Title: Late Holocene lake level of Lake Huron
Status: completed
Objective:
The purpose of this project is to determine the physical limits and timing of past lake-level fluctuations during the last 5,000 years.
Great Lakes Geologic Mapping Coalition
Title: Three-dimensional groundwater modeling in Berrien County, Michigan
Status: completed
Objective:
The objective of this project is to scientifically assess the performance of three-dimensional hydrogeologic models developed by pure statistical data interpolation and three-dimensional hydrogeologic models developed by experienced geologists familiar with the emplacement mechanisms of geologic materials.
Great Lakes Geologic Mapping Coalition
Title: Web-based glacial and bedrock geologic map products and databases for Allen County, Indiana
Status: completed
Objective:
To provide detailed geologic information in an area that continues to experience pressure on natural resources by a large population. The final product will provide traditional surficial geologic information, as well as a depiction of subsurface information based on subsurface databases.
Great Lakes Geologic Mapping Coalition
Title: Three-dimensional geologic model development of the Huntertown Formation, Allen County, Indiana
Status: completed
Objective:
The objective of this project is to develop a three-dimensional geologic model appropriate for representing realistic subsurface conditions in a groundwater flow model of glacial deposits in Huntertown, Indiana (Allen County).
Great Lakes Geologic Mapping Coalition
Title: Digital surficial geologic map product for Monroe County, Indiana
Status: completed
Objective:
To provide detailed geologic information in an area that continues to experience pressure on natural resources by a large population. The final product provides surficial geologic information for the county.
National Geologic and Geophysical Data Preservation Program
Title: Indiana Geological Survey Data Preservation project
Status: completed
Objective:
The Indiana Geological Survey is participating in the National Geologic and Geophysical Data Preservation Program to inventory and preserve its collections of physical samples and materials.
National Geologic and Geophysical Data Preservation Program
Title: Indiana Geologic Data Preservation Program 2009
Status: completed
Objective:
These data have been collected and stored at the IGS for well over 100 years, yet many have not received the proper cataloging and archiving necessary to ensure their long-term preservation and ready access. Moreover, they have often been stored in temporary facilities, and adequate space and resources for the long-term preservation of samples and data have not been maintained. Finally, no formal effort has been initiated to comprehensively inventory, catalog, and document the many geological and geophysical holdings of the IGS. In 2007, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) sponsored the first coordinated data preservation planning effort of which the IGS played a part. This work continued in 2008 with additional funding from the USGS and in-kind support from the IGS.
STATEMAP Program
Title: New 1:100,000-scale mapping of the Indianapolis 30 x 60 minute quadrangle
Status: completed
Objective:
We will create and publish 1:100,000-scale maps of the project area depicting the bedrock topography and bedrock geology. Developing digital interpretations of the bedrock surface and the distribution of bedrock units anticipate the demand for computer-generated assessments of resource distribution, quantity, and quality. A relational database will be made available that can be used to rapidly locate geologic data requested by government and industry planners and citizens.
STATEMAP Program
Title: New 1:100,000-scale mapping of the Indiana heartland
Status: completed
Objective:
We will create and publish 1:100,000-scale maps of the project area depicting the bedrock topography and bedrock geology. Developing digital interpretations of the bedrock surface and the distribution of bedrock units anticipate the demand for computer-generated assessments of resource distribution, quantity, and quality. A relational database will be made available to allow government and industry planners and citizens to rapidly locate geologic data.
STATEMAP Program
Title: Mapping bedrock geology, Monroe County
Status: completed
Objective:
This project anticipates the need for more detailed geologic information to guide planning in and around a major population center along the corridor of the of the Interstate 69 extension from Indianapolis to Evansville. The project is also intended to expedite current scientific studies of the economically important Salem Limestone and related rocks in central Monroe County, and to further refine computer mapping techniques. The detailed geologic framework and databases that this project will create are intended to document karst features and to provide data for the quantitative assessment of dimension and crushed stone resources in the county.
STATEMAP Program
Title: Mapping bedrock geology in Lawrence County
Status: completed
Objective:
This project anticipates the need for more detailed geologic information to guide planning in and around a major population center along the SR 37 and US 50 corridors. The project is also intended to expedite current scientific studies of the economically important Salem Limestone and related rocks in Lawrence County, and to further refine computer mapping techniques. The detailed geologic framework and databases that this project will create are intended to provide data for the quantitative assessment of dimension and crushed stone resources in the county.
STATEMAP Program
Title: Compilation of Monroe County 1:24,000-scale geologic maps
Status: completed
Objective:
The objective of this project is to produce detailed 1:24,000-scale geologic maps of the Monroe County portions of the five 7.5-minute quadrangles that included the city of Bloomington, Indiana, the city’s developing fringe, and the Monroe County portion of the Mt. Carmel Fault and Leesville Anticline.


 
 
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