Geological Research at the IGS
  

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Abandoned Mine Lands Program

Title: Indiana Coal Mine Information System
Status: active
Objective:
The IGS maintains and updates the CMIS GIS database to provide accessible and functional data, technical assistance to the AML Program, and to respond to requests for information from the public. GIS and database applications are created to improve access to AML's historical and contemporary water-quality database.
Title: Mine Map Acquisition and Digital Archiving Project
Status: active
Objective:
To continue the preservation of Indiana’s historic coal mine map information through the collection, processing, scanning, georeferencing, digital archiving, and electronic distribution of Indiana’s historic coal mine maps through the IGS CMIS project and Web site.

Battelle Memorial Institute

Title: Midwestern Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP)
Status: active
Objective:
The objective of this study is to compile known basic geological attributes of deep oil and gas reservoirs, black shales, coals, and saline aquifers. These attributes will then be assessed with the objective of calculating their ability to effectively store large volumes of liquid CO2. The project is designed to move into a second phase where these candidate formations are tested with a drilling and injection program.
Title: Simulation of CO2 Storage in the Arches Province of the Midwestern United States
Status: active
Objective:
This study will produce a three dimensional model of the subsurface geology in the Arches region, followed by numerical simulations on the injection of supercritical carbon dioxide into the Upper Cambrian Mount Simon Sandstone.

Illinois State Geological Survey

Title: Midwest Geologic Sequestration Consortium (MGSC)
Status: Active
Objective:
The purpose of this project is to determine if the rock systems in the subsurface of the Illinois Basin are strong enough for effective and permanent storage of gases that can contribute to global warming.
Title: Midwest Geologic Sequestration Consortium (MGSC)
Status: active
Objective:
The purpose of this project is to determine the appropriate methodologies for permanent storage of gases that can contribute to global warming. The feasibility of geological sequestration in the Cambro-Ordovician section within the Illinois Basin is being evaluated.

Indiana Department of Natural Resources (DNR)

Division of Oil and Gas (DOG)
Title: Assessment of Potenial for Induced Seismicity in the Illinois Basin
Status: Active
Objective:
Determine if there are threshold values of pressures and volumes of injected fluids that could trigger earthquakes. Provide technical analysis to the policy makers and regulatory community that governs oil and gas development in the state and region.
Division of Reclamation (DOR)
Title: Evaluation of bench-scale acid mine drainage (AMD) bioremediation tests: Water-quality monitoring and data interpretation
Status: active
Objective:
This research is designed to treat these seeps so that the concentration of acidity, sulfate, and toxic metals is much reduced or eliminated.
Division of Reclamation (DOR)
Title: Hydrochemical evaluation and predictive modeling of sulfate-reducing bioreactor cells
Status: active
Objective:
The goal of the research project is to evaluate and model the performance and longevity of SRBCs for the passive remediation of AMD.
Division of Reclamation (DOR)
Title: Monitoring and modeling a large-scale experiment to change the direction of groundwater flow at the Blackfoot reclamation site in Pike County, Indiana
Status: active
Objective:
In an effort to ameliorate the problem, personnel of the Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Division of Reclamation (IDNR-DOR) are planning a large-scale experiment to change the direction of groundwater flow away from the seepage area and toward an area where it will encounter alkaline spoils prior to discharging at the surface. The study combines detailed hydrologic monitoring with groundwater flow modeling to evaluate, optimize, and diagnose all the reasons why the reclamation strategy does or does not succeed. The project will commence prior to any reclamation activities but will continue through and after the period of hydrologic manipulation so that a thorough evaluation can be accomplished.
Division of Reclamation (DOR)
Title: Monitoring and Modeling a Large-Scale Experiment to Change the Direction of Groundwater Flow at the Blackfoot Reclamation Site in Pike County: Part 2 Assessing the Efficacy of Reclamation that Includes the Construction of a Large Wetland/Bioreactor System
Status: Active
Objective:
The project will involve a continuation of hydrochemical monitoring with much emphasis placed on the evaluation of the performance of a large wetland/bioreactor system that is being designed to treat acid mine drainage that is discharging from a valley located within this abandoned mine land site.

Indiana Finance Authority

Title: Spatial analysis of 20 water utilities in Indiana
Status: Active
Objective:
This project will support the larger study of the water utilities, focusing on providing a data-quality and accuracy assessment of the locations of 20 water utilities in Indiana. In addition, each water-extraction point (well or intake) will be characterized with respect to a suite of spatial landscape data layers.

Indiana Geological Survey

Title: Petroleum Database Management System
Status: active
Objective:
Facilitate access to information related to oil and gas wells in Indiana and to provide this information in ways that will allow it to be accessed efficiently by users.
Title: Indiana Coal Quality Database (ICQD)
Status: Active
Objective:
The Indiana Geological Survey has collected data and created databases on various physical and chemical parameters of Indiana coals for many years. This project creates the most comprehensive coal quality data compilation available for Indiana coals.
Title: Indiana Geological Survey Geologic Names Information System
Status: Active
Objective:
The database will facilitate labeling stratigraphic data in IGS digital and paper archives, aid IGS researchers in locating current geologic nomenclature for their publications, and provide web-based access to IGS geologic nomenclature to a broad spectrum of users from academia, industry, government, and the general public.
Title: National Geologic Mapping Database (NGMDB) Map Catalog
Status: active
Objective:
The objective of this IGS project is to ensure that geologic maps published by the IGS and other Indiana geologic maps are included in the NGMDB, thus addressing the IGS's mission to disseminate information.
Title: Investigation of groundwater in abandoned underground coal mines
Status: active
Objective:
Increase public awareness and interest in the potential use of underground mine waters as a geothermal resource, a groundwater resource, and a mine-reclamation resource.
Title: The Indiana Water Balance Network (IWBN)
Status: Active
Objective:
The Indiana Water Balance Network (IWBN) was developed to monitor trends in water loss and gain for different components of the hydrologic cycle in various hydrogeologic settings.
Title: Unsaturated-zone hydrology of glacial hydrogeologic settings in Indiana
Status: Active
Objective:
Unsaturated zone data from monitoring sites in eight unique glacial hydrogeologic settings are processed and analyzed to better understand rates of water movement toward underlying aquifers and adjacent surface water bodies.
Title: Interactive Maps of the Indiana Coals
Status: Active
Objective:
The Indiana Geological Survey has been collecting physical and chemical data and mapping Indiana coals for many years. This project will create the most comprehensive data compilation available for Indiana coals.
Title: Major points sources of CO2 emissions from coal in Indiana
Status: Active
Objective:
Provide major point sources of CO2 emissions from coal in Indiana (map and tabular data), including coal-burning electric power plants and industries and institutions.
Title: Groundwater geochemistry of Indiana aquifers: database development and analysis of the natural chemical character of bedrock and glacial aquifer systems
Status: Active
Objective:
Compile groundwater geochemical analyses conducted in Indiana into a standardized database and analyze the data based on unique aquifer systems.
Title: Assessment of Potenial for Induced Seismicity in the Illinois Basin
Status: Active
Objective:
Determine if there are threshold values of pressures and volumes of injected fluids that could trigger earthquakes. Provide technical analysis to the policy makers and regulatory community that governs oil and gas development in the state and region.
Title: Interactive map of the New Albany Shale in the Illinois Basin
Status: Active
Objective:
The Indiana, Kentucky, and Illinois State Geological Surveys have been collecting physical and chemical data and mapping the New Albany Shale for many years. This project is the most comprehensive digital compilation of geologic information about the New Albany Shale and its members.
Title: Application of transmitted light techniques for evaluation of thermal maturity
Status: Active
Objective:
Project analyzes changes in color of structureless amorphous organic matter and palynomorphs in transmitted light through a range of maturity stages.
Title: Indiana Society of Mining and Reclamation Board
Status: Active
Objective:
ISMR is a professional alliance providing opportunity for education and communication of technical advances in mining and reclamation.
Title: Database of Industrial Mineral Producers in Indiana
Status: Active
Objective:
To produce a database of industrial minerals mines in the state and keep it up to date on a quarterly basis.
Title: GENI - Mapping Indiana’s Bicentennial
Status: Active
Objective:
Provide detailed maps of each county at various scales using base data and data provided by each county that are timeless and can be used for many years in the classroom and at other educational opportunities.
Title: Augmented Reality 3D Sandbox
Status: Active
Objective:
To develop and construct a high-interest, interactive exhibit display that demonstrates changing topography and the consequences of such processes.
Title: Developments in the Indiana industrial minerals industry in 2012-2013 for the UGS Minerals Yearbook
Status: Active
Objective:
To produce a report of industrial mineral mining developments in Indiana for the years 2012 and 2013.
Title: Exploration of Practical Applications of 3-dimensional Geosimulations and Animation
Status: Active
Objective:
Advance theory and methods of multidimensional GIS analysis and visualization of geologic data.
Title: Pilot Program to Evaluate using Chloride as a Tracer for Estimating Recharge Rates
Status: Active
Objective:
Collect sediment samples and analyze them for chloride and conduct a mass balance to determine the rate of groundwater recharge.
Title: ASTM testing of the Salem Limestone
Status: Active
Objective:
Data from the ASTM tests cited have been performed by the Indiana Geological Survey since the early 1950s. These data define physical strength and performance of masonry products fabricated from the Salem Limestone; the data also have been useful to geologists in interpreting depositional environments and diagenetic systems relevant to the Salem Limestone.
Title: Update of whetstone tombstone database
Status: Active
Objective:
The purpose of this project is to continue to maintain and update the whetstone tombstone database.
Title: Archiving Geophysical Logs
Status: Active
Objective:
The objective of the archiving projectis to create standardized digital formats of all IGS geophysical logs and make them available to IGS staff and the public as PDF and LAS downloads via the IGS web site
Title: Blue River Group Isotope Study
Status: Active
Objective:
Provide a complete isotope analysis of carbonate and pyrite sulfur along with carbonate and organic carbon analysis of the entire Blue River Group.
Title: USGS NGMDB Map Catalog 2015
Status: Active
Objective:
Ensure that geologic maps published by the IGS and other Indiana geologic maps are properly represented in the USGS Map Catalog.
Title: Web-based glacial and bedrock geologic map products and databases for Bartholomew County, Indiana
Status: Active
Objective:
The objective of this task is to provide detailed geological information in an area that continues to experience pressure on natural resources by a large population. The final product will provide traditional surficial and bedrock geological information, as well as subsurface information, derivative maps, and summaries that will help users understand and make use of the wealth of geologic information that is becoming available for Bartholomew County.

National Science Foundation

Title: Biogenic methanogenesis and biodegradation of organic matter in coals
Status: Active
Objective:
This collaborative research evaluates fundamental biogeochemical processes associated with microbial degradation of organic matter (OM) during generation of methane in coals. The overall goal is to understand the substrates that sustain microbial transformations of OM in coal beds, the nature of involved chemical pathways and effect of varying electron acceptor condition, and the role of these processes in the generation of coalbed methane (CBM).

Office of Surface Mining

Title: Mine Map Acquisition and Digital Archiving Project
Status: active
Objective:
To continue the preservation of Indiana’s historic coal mine map information through the collection, processing, scanning, georeferencing, digital archiving, and electronic distribution of Indiana’s historic coal mine maps through the IGS CMIS project and Web site.

Tight Oil Consortium, University of Calgary

Title: Micro-scale chemical and mineralogical heterogeneity of shales and its influence on permeability of the Upper Devonian/Lower Mississippian Bakken Formation in Canada
Status: Active
Objective:
The overall hypothesis to be tested is that the rock fabric and specifically mutual arrangement of organic matter and mineral matter in shales influences porosity and permeability in tight oil/gas reservoirs and that understanding this mineral/organic distribution is critical for prediction of both gas storage and producibility.

U.S. Department of Energy

National Energy Technology Laboratory
Title: National Carbon Sequestration Database and Geographic Information System (NATCARB)
Status: active
Objective:
The purpose of NATCARB is to facilitate the evaluation of geological sequestration of CO2 in the United Sates and Canada by compiling all pertinent geological information useful for such evaluations into a database. When completed, the database will allow users to estimate the amount of CO2 emitted by various sources (such as power plants, refineries, and other fossil fuel consuming industries) and relate these volumes to geologic reservoirs that can provide safe and secure sequestration over time.
National Energy Technology Laboratory
Title: Assessment of Hydrologic Consequences of CO2 Sequestration within the Illinois Basin
Status: active
Objective:
This project is one component of a larger risk assessment for implementing industrial-scale CO2 subsurface storage throughout the Illinois Basin. The objective is to develop new data sets that are most critical for informing the basin-scale simulation and modeling effort. The IGS will provide region-specific data that a coordinated team of researchers from around the country will integrate into a basin-scale simulation of the effects of large-scale implementation of geological sequestration within numerous rock units in the deep subsurface.
National Energy Technology Laboratory
Title: Evaluation of the Carbon Sequestration Potential of the Cambro-Ordovician Strata of the Illinois and Michigan Basins
Status: active
Objective:
This study is a collaborative effort by a team of scientists from the University of Illinois, the Illinois State Geological Survey, the Kentucky Geological Survey, Western Michigan University and the IGS. The objective of the IGS project is to support the assessment of the Cambro-Ordovician strata as a potential GCS reservoir/seal system through the development of new data sets of critical formation characteristics including: porosity, permeability, injectivity, mineralogy, fluid saturations and chemical composition, reservoir architecture and cap rock integrity.
USDE - No Specific Program
Title: Shale Gas: Geochemical and Physical Constraints on Genesis, Storage, and Productibility
Status: Active
Objective:
This project is comprised of three tasks related to shale gas: (1) Study of porosity in shale; (2) Natural methane outgassing from shales into the atmosphere; and (3) Generation of catalytic shale gas. Each task focuses on an individual aspect in need of basic shale research for industrial and environmental reasons. All three tasks are conceptually linked.
USDE - No Specific Program
Title: The Indiana Shallow Geothermal Monitoring Network: A test bed for facilitating the optimization of ground-source heat pumps in the glaciated Midwest
Status: Active
Objective:
A comprehensive monitoring network that provides in-situ measurements of shallow subsurface thermal conductivity, temperature gradients, and soil moisture has not been developed to date.
USDE - No Specific Program
Title: The Indiana Water Balance Network (IWBN)
Status: Active
Objective:
The Indiana Water Balance Network (IWBN) was developed to monitor trends in water loss and gain for different components of the hydrologic cycle in various hydrogeologic settings.

U.S. Forest Service (USFS)

Title: Potential karst development areas in the Hoosier National Forest
Status: active
Objective:
Identify both existing areas of karst development in the Hoosier National Forest, along with identification of the spatial distribution of areas with high probabilities of karst or sinkhole development.
Title: Sulfate-reducing bioreactor net discharge monitoring
Status: active
Objective:
From monitoring flow rates along with chemical and stable isotopic components, the research conducted at this site will provide data for evaluating the effectiveness of the bioreactor in reducing acid-mine drainage, evaluating the microbial activity, and constructing a predictive model capable of providing sizing and longevity information to organizations desiring to build additional bioreactors for future low-flow AMD seep amelioration projects.

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

- USGS - No Specific Program
Title: Evaluating geologic hazards at Bicycle Basin, Fort Irwin, California
Status: Active
Objective:
The objective of this project is to determine the most likely driving mechanism for land surface deformation at Bicycle Basin playa. One hypothesis for surface crack/Earth fissure evolution is a tensile failure resulting from differential compaction of the aquifer system as depressurization occurs from groundwater pumping at nearby wells. Such a driving mechanism for Earth fissure development represents relatively deep-seeded stress and strain in the alluvial basin-fill units for which mitigation is likely to entail significant operations. In contrast, the observed presence of giant desiccation cracks in a network pattern across the playa suggests an alternative hypothesis is plausible in which surface cracks form from volume contraction with desiccation of clay-rich sediments. This potential mechanism for crack development represents a near-surface process for which mitigation is a relatively minor operation.
Biological Resources Division
Title: Data collection, verification, and encoding for the National Coal Resources Data System (NCRDS)
Status: active
Objective:
The purpose of this project is to provide easy availability of point-source coal resource information, including coal location, thickness, depth, and other parameters.
Global Climate Change Program
Title: Late Holocene lake level of Lake Huron
Status: active
Objective:
The purpose of this project is to determine the physical limits and timing of past lake-level fluctuations during the last 5,000 years.
Great Lakes Geologic Mapping Coalition
Title: Three-dimensional geologic model development of the Huntertown Formation, Allen County, Indiana
Status: active
Objective:
The objective of this project is to develop a three-dimensional geologic model appropriate for representing realistic subsurface conditions in a groundwater flow model of glacial deposits in Huntertown, Indiana (Allen County).
Great Lakes Geologic Mapping Coalition
Title: 2014-15 Great Lakes Geologic Mapping Coalition Website
Status: Active
Objective:
The website provides information on the goals, products, and personnel of the eight Great Lakes state geological surveys (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin), the U.S. Geological Survey, and the Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines. The GLGMC website is used by a number of individuals, including the general public, planners, consultants, and state and federal agencies.
Great Lakes Geologic Mapping Coalition
Title: Quaternary Geology of Bartholomew County (Azalia quadrangle)
Status: Active
Objective:
This study will produce a detailed Quaternary geologic map of the Azalia 7.5-minute quadrangle with a cross section and detailed descriptions of map units.
Great Lakes Geologic Mapping Coalition
Title: 2015-16 Great Lakes Geologic Mapping Coalition Website
Status: Active
Objective:
The website provides information on the goals, products, and personnel of the eight Great Lakes state geological surveys (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin), the U.S. Geological Survey, and the Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines. The GLGMC website is used by a number of individuals, including the general public, planners, consultants, and state and federal agencies.
National Geologic and Geophysical Data Preservation Program
Title: 2014 Indiana Geological Survey Data Preservation Program
Status: Active
Objective:
Inventory and catalogue approximately 40,000 grain-size sediment samples that are stored in approximately 700 core boxes and analyze/associate them with existing IGS records and databases.
STATEMAP Program
Title: Compilation of Monroe County 1:24,000-scale geologic maps
Status: active
Objective:
The objective of this project is to produce detailed 1:24,000-scale geologic maps of the Monroe County portions of the five 7.5-minute quadrangles that included the city of Bloomington, Indiana, the city’s developing fringe, and the Monroe County portion of the Mt. Carmel Fault and Leesville Anticline.
STATEMAP Program
Title: Quaternary Geology of Bartholomew County (Elizabethtown and Hope quadrangles)
Status: Active
Objective:
This study will produce a detailed Quaternary geologic maps of the Elizabethtown and Hope 7.5-minute quadrangles with cross sections and detailed descriptions of map units.
STATEMAP Program
Title: STATEMAP 2015 Morgan County
Status: Active
Objective:
The 2015 STATEMAP project will produce (1) a preliminary bedrock geologic map of the Mooresville East 7.5-minute quadrangle (1:24,000-scale) with a cross section and detailed descriptions of map units and (2) preliminary detailed Quaternary geologic maps of the Martinsville and Mooresville West 7.5-minute quadrangles (1:24,000-scale) with cross sections and detailed descriptions of map units.

U.S. National Park Service

Title: Investigation of the source/cause of subsurface voids at Mt. Baldy, Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, to mitigate visitor safety.
Status: Active
Objective:
The objective of this agreement is to investigate these previously undocumented anomalies in an effort to determine risk to visitors at INDU, investigate the “hole” phenomenon, and guide park decision making with regard to visitor safety and public education and understanding of know/unknown hazards.


 
 
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