Indiana Geologic Names Information System: Details
  

Jeffersonville Limestone

  • Map showing the thickness of the Jeffersonville Limestone (Devonian) in Indiana. The northern Jeffersonville limit line was determined by pre-North Vernon (pre-Traverse) erosion; elsewhere later erosion determined the position of the limit line. The contour interval is 20 ft (6.1 m).

    /images/photos/large/45.jpg

    Map showing the thickness of the Jeffersonville Limestone (Devonian) in Indiana. The northern Jeffersonville limit line was determined by pre-North Vernon (pre-Traverse) erosion; elsewhere later erosion determined the position of the limit line. The contour interval is 20 ft (6.1 m).

  • Thamnopora, a branching coral, exposed in the Devonian Jeffersonville Limestone at the Falls of the Ohio at Clarksville, Indiana.

    /images/photos/large/46.jpg

    Thamnopora, a branching coral, exposed in the Devonian Jeffersonville Limestone at the Falls of the Ohio at Clarksville, Indiana.

  • An exposure of the Geneva Dolomite Member of the Jeffersonville Limestone (Devonian) in Jennings County, Indiana.

    /images/photos/large/47.jpg

    An exposure of the Geneva Dolomite Member of the Jeffersonville Limestone (Devonian) in Jennings County, Indiana.

  • An Exposure of the New Albany Shale (Devonian and Mississippian), the North Vernon and Jeffersonville Limestones (Devonian), and the Louisville Member of the Pleasant Mills Formation (Silurian) in an abandoned quarry in the southwestern part of Clark Military Grant 131, 1.0 mile northeast of Speed in Clark County, Indiana.

    /images/photos/large/48.jpg

    An Exposure of the New Albany Shale (Devonian and Mississippian), the North Vernon and Jeffersonville Limestones (Devonian), and the Louisville Member of the Pleasant Mills Formation (Silurian) in an abandoned quarry in the southwestern part of Clark Military Grant 131, 1.0 mile northeast of Speed in Clark County, Indiana.

Age:

Devonian

Type designation:

Type locality: Named by Kindle (1899, p. 8) for Jeffersonville, Clark County, Indiana, where the formation is well exposed during low-water stages at the Falls of the Ohio.

Reference sections:

(1) Meshberger Stone Co. quarry, Bartholomew County (SE¼SE¼NE¼ sec. 6, T. 8 N., R. 7 E.) (Elizabeth quadrangle) (Burger and Patton, 1970, p. 77).

(2) Berry Materials quarry (presently, the Hanson Aggregates Midwest Region North Vernon Quarry) at North Vernon, Jennings County (SW¼SW¼SE¼ sec. 27, T. 7 N., R. 8 E.) (Butlerville quadrangle) (Burger and Patton, 1970, p. 77).

(3) T. J. Atkins and Co. quarry near Claysburg, Clark County (W½ Clark Military Grant 10) (Jeffersonville quadrangle) (Burger and Patton, 1970, p. 77).

Note: Droste and Shaver (1975) assigned the Geneva Dolomite a member status in the Jeffersonville Limestone. They (1986) note that the Geneva assignment affects the Jeffersonville reference sections in the first two quarries noted above, as the Geneva is developed in its typical lithology in those two quarries but not in the third quarry. (See, for example, the section in the Berry Materials quarry that was described by Droste and Shaver, 1975, p. 405.)

History of usage:

Overview: The descriptive term “Corniferous Limestone” was used by Borden in 1874 for Jeffersonville rocks, but "Corniferous" has also been used in Indiana to refer to the entire Muscatatuck Group (Middle Devonian) (Droste and Shaver, 1986). The term Corniferous in both senses has been abandoned (Droste and Shaver, 1986).

From the time of earliest naming of the Jeffersonville Limestone and the Geneva Dolomite, stratigraphers have disagreed on their age relations (Droste and Shaver, 1986). Subsurface and other studies of the 1960s and 1970s, however, have favored the idea of intimate relationships between typical Jeffersonville and Geneva rocks and between typical Jeffersonville and subsurface rocks in Illinois that had been called the Dutch Creek Sandstone (Droste and Shaver, 1986). Therefore, the Dutch Creek was assigned member status in the basal Jeffersonville (Becker, 1974, p. 38), and the Geneva was assigned the same status in a similar but not identical basal Jeffersonville position (Droste and Shaver, 1975, p. 403-404) (Droste and Shaver, 1986). Droste and Shaver (1975, p. 404-406) also named the Vernon Fork Member for nontypical Jeffersonville beds that had been known by a variety of descriptive names, including "laminated beds."

With these nomenclatural and definitive changes, the Jeffersonville is considered by Droste and Shaver (1986) to consist in generally ascending order of the Dutch Creek Sandstone, Geneva Dolomite, and Vernon Fork Members; also, it consists of rocks unnamed to member, so that in any one place one or more parts of this four-part circumstance may apply.

Description:

View description from:
Compendium of Paleozoic Rock-Unit
Stratigraphy in Indiana
(1986)

Regional Indiana usage:

Illinois Basin (COSUNA 11)
Supergroup: none
Group: Muscatatuck Group
Formation: Jeffersonville Limestone
Illinois Basin Margin (COSUNA 12)
Supergroup: none
Group: Muscatatuck Group
Formation: Jeffersonville Limestone
Cincinnati Arch (COSUNA 13)
Supergroup: none
Group: Muscatatuck Group
Formation: Jeffersonville Limestone
Kankakee Arch (COSUNA 14)
Supergroup: none
Group: Muscatatuck Group
Formation: Jeffersonville Limestone

Misc/Abandoned Names:

Corniferous Limestone


COSUNA areas and regional terminology

Names for geologic units vary across Indiana. The Midwestern Basin and Arches Region COSUNA chart (Shaver, 1984) was developed to strategically document such variations in terminology. The geologic map (below left) is derived from this chart and provides an index to the five defined COSUNA regions in Indiana. The regions are generally based on regional bedrock outcrop patterns and major structural features in Indiana. (Click the maps below to view more detailed maps of COSUNA regions and major structural features in Indiana.)

Map showing the COSUNA areas (heavy black line) that approximate regional bedrock outcrop patterns and major structural features in Indiana, and the COSUNA numbers (large bold font) for these areas. The COSUNA boundaries are limited to state and county boundaries that facilitate coding. COSUNA areas and numbers that approximate regional bedrock outcrop patterns and major structural features in Indiana.
Map showing major tectonic features that affect bedrock geology in Indiana. Major tectonic features that affect bedrock geology in Indiana.

See also:

Detroit River Formation

References:

Becker, L. E., 1974, Silurian and Devonian rocks in Indiana southwest of the Cincinnati Arch: Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 50, 83 p.

Borden, W. W., 1874, Report of a geological survey of Clark and Floyd Counties, Indiana: Indiana Geological Survey Annual Report 5, p. 133-189.

Burger, A. M., and Patton, J. B., 1970, Jeffersonville Limestone, in Shaver, R. H., Burger, A. M., Gates, G. R., Gray, H. H., Hutchison, H. C., Keller, S. J., Patton, J. B., Rexroad, C. B., Smith, N. M., Wayne, W. J., and Wier, C. E., Compendium of rock-unit stratigraphy in Indiana: Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 43, p. 77-79.

Conkin, J. E., and Conkin, B. M., 1979, Selected glossary of eastern North American Devonian stratigraphy, pyroclastics, bone beds, disconformities, and correlation: Louisville, Ky., University of Louisville Studies in Paleontology and Stratigraphy 9, 32 p.

Dawson, T. A., 1941, Outcrop in southern Indiana, pt. 1 of The Devonian formations of Indiana: Indiana Division of Geology, 48 p.

Droste, J. B., and Shaver, R. H., 1975, The Jeffersonville Limestone (Middle Devonian) of Indiana—stratigraphy, sedimentation, and relation to Silurian reef-bearing rocks: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 59, p. 393-412.

Droste, J. B., and Shaver, R. H., 1986, Jeffersonville Limestone, in Shaver, R. H., Ault, C. H., Burger, A. M., Carr, D. D., Droste, J. B., Eggert, D. L., Gray, H. H., Harper, Denver, Hasenmueller, N. R., Hasenmueller, W. A., Horowitz, A. S., Hutchison, H. C., Keith, B. D., Keller, S. J., Patton, J. B., Rexroad, C. B., and Wier, C. E., Compendium of Paleozoic rock-unit stratigraphy in Indiana–a revision: Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 59, p. 64-66.

Kindle, E. M., 1899, The Devonian and Lower Carboniferous faunas of southern Indiana and central Kentucky: Bulletins of American Paleontology, v. 3, no. 12, 111 p.

Kindle, E. M., 1901, The Devonian fossils and stratigraphy of Indiana: Indiana Department of Geology and Natural Resources Annual Report 25, p. 529-758.

Klapper, Gilbert, and Ziegler, Willi, 1979, Devonian conodont biostratigraphy, in House, M. R., Scrutton, C. T., and Bassett, M. G., eds., The Devonian System: Palaeontological Association Special Papers in Paleontology 23, p. 199-224.

Oliver, W. A., Jr., 1976, Noncystimorph colonial rugose corals of the Onesquethaw and lower Cazenovia Stages (Lower and Middle Devonian) in New York and adjacent areas: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 869, 156 p.

Orr, R. W., 1971, Conodonts from Middle Devonian strata of the Michigan Basin: Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 45, 110 p.

Owen, D. D., 1839, Second report of a geological survey of Indiana, made in the year 1838, in conformity to an order of the legislature: Indiana Senate Journal for 1838-39, p. 198-241: Indianapolis, Osborn and Willets, 54 p.

Perkins, R. D., 1963, Petrology of the Jeffersonville Limestone (Middle Devonian) of southeastern Indiana: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 74, p. 1,335-1,354.

Powell, R. L., 1970, Geology of the Falls of the Ohio River: Indiana Geological Survey Circular 10, 45 p.

Rickard, L. V., 1975, Correlation of the Silurian and Devonian rocks in New York State: New York State Museum and Science Service Geological Survey Map and Chart Ser. 24, 16 p.

Shaver, R. H., coordinator, 1984, Midwestern basin and arches region–correlation of stratigraphic units in North America (COSUNA): American Association of Petroleum Geologists Correlation Chart Series.

Sparling, D. R., 1983, Conodont biostratigraphy and biofacies of lower Middle Devonian limestones, north-central Ohio: Journal of Paleontology, v. 57, p. 825-864.

Wright, R. P., 1980, Middle Devonian Chitinozoa of Indiana: Indiana Geological Survey Special Report 18, 24 p.


For additional information contact:

Nancy Hasenmueller (hasenmue@indiana.edu) or
Walter Hasenmueller (whasenmu@indiana.edu)
Date last revised: February 24, 2012

 
 
 
Your session for the Indiana Geological Survey is about to expire in 30 minutes. Please refresh your broswer or click here to restart your session timer.